Note: These sites are not maintained by OUHSD or the OHS
We do not control their content or availability.
Pathfinders for World Civilization
Pathfinders are lessons which guide student researchers.
Pathfinders are created to make research time as productive as possible for students
and help them avoid frustration and dead ends.
The following links support the curriculum framework of the World Civilization courses taught at Oxnard High School.
They are organized and labeled by the unit of study.
If students use websites other than the school's subscription databases and these recommended sites,
they must complete the form, Evaluating Sources on the Internet,
to determine the relative value and validity of the information and
have their OHS instructor sign off on the form before using the website as part of their class research.
PATHFINDERS FOR WORLD CIVILIZATION:
Ancient History Web Links
BBC Ancient History Resources
Duke University Papyrus Archive
Google Ancient History by Area and Period
The Internet Ancient History Sourcebook
The Perseus Digital Library
Understand what ancient buildings looked like and how they were built at Archimedia - Architecture in Egypt and Mesopotamia. Special attention is paid to ziggurats and pyramids.
Learn more about Cyrus the Great, the Persian king who is thought to be the first to become involved in human rights.
View the ancient Birdman of Assyria and the Dragon of Marduk in this exciting art exhibit from the Detroit Institute of the Arts.
View the Treasures From the Royal Tombs of Ur, a site at the University of Pennsylvania.
Need Archaeology Resources? Here is a list of links about Ancient Mesopotamia, Egypt, Nubia, and Israel from the WWW Virtual Library on the Middle East.
Babylonia: Medicine and Surgery is a description of medicine during Babylonian times and links to primary source documents such as Hammaurabi's Code.
Visit the Hanging Gardens of Babylon to learn about the history and find links to pictures and maps to this garden, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
Learn more about the writing of Ancient Mesopotamia and see the cylinder seals in detail at Emory University.
This site has an excellent map and pictures of ziggurats found in ancient Mesopotamia.
Egypt and Kush
Take A Journey to Egypt and learn about the land and the people of Egypt, both ancient and modern.
Visit an English artist's Ancient Egypt Page to learn about hieroglyphics, the rules of Ancient Egypt, and their building projects.
Explore Digital Egypt.
Visit the Institute of Egyptian Art and Archaeology at the University of Memphis.
Enjoy the Splendors of Ancient Egypt at this Houston Museum of Fine Arts site.
Explore Egyptian Artifacts and four outstanding links on ancient Egypt.
PBS presents an interview with Jean Yves Empereur about the excavation of Alexandria.
"Portrait of Jesus' World" at PBS.
Visit the The Jerusalem Mosaic Be ready for an awesome virtual tour of Jerusalem! In addition to the great photos, you will find maps, timelines, and the Chagall Windows of the twelve sons of Jacob from the Bible.
Explore Artifacts of Israel This site at the Hetch Museum in Haifa has wonderful archeological artifacts from Israel's ancient history.
Explore Ancient Greece (people, mythology, daily life, death & burial, writing, and archaeology) at Odyssey Online from Emory University.
What did they wear? Explore Ancient Greek Dress at the Metropolitan Museum.
Explore The Ancient Greek World at the University of Pennsylvania Museum with pull down menus on Land and Time, Daily Life, Religion and Death, the Economy, and Extra Topics.
Explore links on Ancient Greek History and Culture from Chico High School's collection.
Explore the Ancient Greek Theater which includes a timeline of Greek drama, staging an ancient Greek play, Greek Theaters, and more.
View images of art and artifacts from Ancient Greece and Rome.
Get the facts about the Trojan War from the BBC, Greek Myths -- the Trojan War. Great related links on right sidebar!
What did they wear? Explore Costume in Ancient Greece.
Explore a Cultural Map of Hellas maintained by the Hellenic Ministry of Culture in Greece.
Explore Encyclopedia Mythica to find information on Greek people, gods, and myths. Great related links.
Read the translation of The Fall of Troy at the Berkeley Digital Library.
Explore Furniture and the Greek House.
Explore the History Channel for topics like the Trojan War.
Explore the History Guide's lectures on ancient and medieval European history to find great information on the Trojan War as well as other resource links.
Explore Homer: Bureaucrats and Barbarians, the Greek Dark Ages.
Explore the Illustrated Greek Theater for general design, the orchestra, the theatron, and stagecraft.
Explore the Introduction to Greek Tragedy with information on everything from the origin of tragedy to the actors, chorus, music, and production details.
Learn more about the Ancient Greek Theater at Introduction to the Theatre Online.
Explore Smithsonian Magazine articles:
Odyssey's End?: The Search for Ancient Ithica
We Followed Odysseus
Read about the Legend of the Trojan War.
Explore Mythweb with links to Greek gods, heroes and a basic encyclopedia.
Visit the Olympics Homepage This site presents a history of the Olympics through time.
Visit the Olympic Games in the Ancient Hellenic World Visit a museum about the Ancient Olympics.
Explore The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites to find information on Thebes and other locations in Ancient Greece.
Investigate the Structure of the Greek Theater.
Explore Theater and Drama In Ancient Greece.
Learn more about Thebes at Minnesota State University or explore and take notes on The Theban Legend.
Explore the Theoi Project, a site exploring Greek mythology and the gods in classical literature and art; links to the gods (theoi), spirits (daimones), fabulous creatures (theres) and heroes (heroi) of ancient Greek mythology and religion.
Learn more about The Trojan War at Stanford University.
Enjoy a 90 slide tour of the ancient and modern Indus River Civilization.
Here is a collection of links to information about the religion of Hinduism.
Learn about Madhubani Painting, where women from this northern region of India have transformed wall-painting to the medium of paper.
Learn about Chinese music, language, and food as well as painting, pottery, bronze vessels and jade carvings at the Art of China Homepage.
Explore The British Museum to learn about ancient Chinese crafts and artisans, geography, time, tombs and ancestors, and writing.
Visit China the Beautiful and listen to Chinese sounds and admire the Chinese paintings, calligraphy, poetry, classics, novels, arts, and history.
Creative Impulses: China has links to information on China's history, people and culture organized for easy research.
Learn more about the history of the development of the Silk Road.
Explore World Mythology by visiting the Minneapolis Institute of Arts and looking at this great collection of images from Ancient Egypt, Greece, Rome and China.
Learn more about the Ancient Art of Rome for examples of costumes, jewelry, paintings, and sculpture.
Learn more about the Ancient Art of the Etruscans and their impact on Rome.
History Link 101 offers great information on Roman daily life (recipes, clothing, the military, games, coins, funerals, Roman numerals, technology, and the role of women.)
Like Indiana Jones, you can explore the ancient Roman city of Petra.
Learn more about Roman Emperors.
a wealth of information on The
Vikings at NOVA Online.
Explore Vikings: the North Atlantic Saga at Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History.
Access a wealth of information on The Vikings at BBC's History website.
Explore handy categories of web links relating to the Norman Conquest at the United Kingdom's Norman Conquest School Site. Categories include: Early 1066, Claimants, Stamford Bridge, Pre Hastings, the Battle of Hastings, Post Hastings, Resistance, Feudalism and the Conclusion.
Get a thorough background on The Norman Conquest at BBC's History website.
Learn how the Bayeux Tapestry tells the story of the Norman Conquest.
Read an overview of the Norman Conquest in the Columbia Encyclopedia.
Learn more about Ancient Europe
Search the Ancient and Medieval Internet at Argos.
Learn more about Byzantine Studies on the Internet.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art has created a fantastic site chronicling Byzantine history.
Be a web-surfing medievalist and explore Columbia University's Medievalist's Essential Homepage with Columbia links and global internet links.
Peruse Exemplaria, a Journal of Medieval and Renaissance Studies published by the University of Florida. Find articles on Beowulf, Ophelia's Madness, and Chaucer.
Visit the Galileo Project to learn about the life and work of Galileo Galilei (1564-1642). Includes excellent maps, a timeline of Galileo's life and era, and selected internet resources for the Renaissance.
Take a look at Georgetown University's Old English Pages for electronic texts, art, history, language, fonts, and much more.
Musically inclined? Access the Gregorian Chant Home Page maintained by Princeton University.
View Images of Medieval Art and Architecture, a project by Alison Stones. It provides pictures of medieval England and France, and a glossary. Under construction are pages for medieval Italy, Germany, Poland, Greece, and Spain.
Explore Fordham University's Internet Medieval Sourcebook. A detailed navigation menu helps you access medieval topics and the site also provides online text to important primary documents of the time.
Access a wealth of information on King Arthur and the Early British Kingdoms: History and Legend.
Sift through a list of links to Medieval History Sites.
Here is a gem! The Medieval Literature and History Page has seven major sections: Basic Medieval Resources on the WWW, Chaucer, Middle English Literature, Other Medieval Literatures, Journals and Criticism, Medieval History, and Medieval Art, Music and Culture!
Investigate Medieval Scandinavia and Anglo-Saxon Britain: Literature, Culture, and History and find runic alphabets, Old English texts, Beowulf, the Exeter Book, and library catalogs.
Netsurf: the Internet Connection for Medieval Resources is a portal to medieval information on the Internet and is organized by subject!
Browse the Online Medieval & Classical Library at Berkeley by title, author, genre or language.
Explore the On-Line Reference Book for Medieval Studies.
Explore Stanford University's Medieval Pages.
ENGLAND & EUROPE--THE MIDDLE AGES
Explore the Middle Ages at the Annenberg/CPB Project Exhibits Collection.
If you are ready to create a true medieval feast, check out A Boke of Gode Cookery: Medieval Recipe Translations.
Access Historical Recipes from the Carnegie Mellon School.
Visit Castle on the Web, a great interactive site that includes castle tours, pictures, blue prints, and terminology.
Boise State University provides a detailed account of the Crusades. Learn about crusade history, a particular crusade, or European or Islamic histories during the crusades.
Discover how the Black Death spread at the Discovery Channel Online.
What was it really like to live in the Middle Ages? Investigate Feudal Life; topics include feudal life, religion, homes, clothing, health, arts & entertainment, town life and related resources.
Search The Labyrinth: Resources for Medieval Studies.
Learn about the Language of Heraldry.
The Anthology of Middle English Literature includes online biographies of and works by Chaucer, Malory, and Kempe as well as lesser authors of the time.
Explore The Matrix Project, a collaborative project of USC and the Huntington Library, that explores the role of women from 400 to 1600.
This incredible student-created website on the Middle Ages from Luther Burbank Middle School has Internet link embedded with information about every aspect of European medieval life.
Journey through the Middle Ages at an emuseum sponsored by Minnesota State University.
Explore the Medieval Technology Pages at New York University to learn about inventions, innovations and discoveries. When was the wheelbarrow invented? When did soap come into widespread use throughout Europe?
Learn about the Living History of England 950-1066 CE. This is a rich site about English life during the time of the Anglo-Saxons, Anglo-Danes and Vikings. There are plenty of primary sources scattered amidst secondary text, including life at Wichamstow and Dregham estates.
Learn about the age of King Charles V by viewing 1000 Illuminations that readily connect to the Middle Ages.
Visit The Hundred Years' War History Page.
Learn about Charlemagne from this great resource from the Medieval Sourcebook.
Gain a firm understanding about medieval history at the University of Calgary's The End of Europe's Middle Ages. Take concise look at the history of medieval Europe through text, images, and maps.
THE HUNDRED YEARS' WAR
about the Hundred Years'
war from the University of Boise -- a very detailed lecture on all the
aspects of the Hundred Years' War.
Explore the military history of the Hundred Years' War with maps of battles and famous paintings from the war.
Learn more about the Hundred Years' War from the University of Kansas.
Get a brief overview of the events in the Hundred Years' War from the University of Southern Utah.
See a timeline of the Hundred Years' War from Boise State University.
Access the Medieval Sourcebook: The Flores Historiarum: on William Wallace and Robert the Bruce.
Explore the Wars of Independence by topic, time or people at BBC's History Website.
Take advantage of an Internet hotlist on Elizabethan England at Elizabethan
England & the World of Shakespeare.
Access Culture 4.0, the Contextual Guide and Internet Index to World Civilization, a thorough site with information on Elizabeth I and Elizabethan England.
Explore a great primary source document--William Harrison's "Description of Elizabethan England" written in 1577.
What was life like in Elizabethan England? Search Life in Elizabethan England: A Compendium of Common Knowledge.
Enjoy the Metropolitan Museum's Elizabethan England site with text as well as images and art of the period.
Explore Poverty in Elizabethan England at the BBC website.
Explore links on Elizabethan Heraldry.
Explore SchoolHistory.co.uk for sites and descriptions of Elizabeth I web pages.
Everything you wanted to know about Elizabethan England and Shakespeare! Explore the Shakespeare Resource Center!
At The Art and Science of Fifteenth Century Navigation, see how the discoveries of latitude and longitude, as well as the invention of the astrolabe, revolutionized exploration and the art of map-making.
Read a lecture from the World Art Treasures collection on Sandro Botticelli.
Examine Dante's Works from the Renaissance and examples of illuminated pages which were so famous during that period of history.
Visit the web museum and learn about the Early Renaissance.
Did you know you could make music with a serpent, a lizard or a hurdy-gurdy? Find out about the amazing musical instruments at A Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Instruments.
Explore La Renaissance. Until 1550, the word "renaissance" was simply used to describe a return to an ancient Roman method of painting. Learn how this word became associated with a specific period of great cultural achievements.
View fifteen drawings of Leonardo da Vinci.
At Exploring Leonardo, learn that Leonardo was not only a painter but also a vegetarian pacifist who invented weapons. Try some activities that teach you about linear perspective, a system that helped Renaissance painters achieve more realism in their paintings.
ThinkQuest's Learning About Leonardo presents a collection of resources on the man.
Meet the Medici Family of Florence at this site which has both portraits of the family members and a short history.
Access information on the Northern Renaissance (1500-1615) and links to works by Durer, Breughel, and Holbein.
At Palladio's Italian Villas visit country houses or "villas" designed by Renaissance architect, Andrea Palladio. Find out how his principles of design dramatically changed Western architecture and remain an important force even today.
View some of Raphael's best works.
Take a virtual tour of the Sistine Chapel. The virtual tour has 325 images of the Sistine Chapel.
Visit the Vatican Exhibit Main Hall. The Vatican Exhibit Main Hall has full links of images and information about Rome's rebirth during the Renaissance.
Visit a Virtual Renaissance which offers opportunities to examine the Plague, the times of Shakespeare, the Tower of London, and other aspects of the Renaissance.
Explore the Vatican Exhibit Main Hall and view important documents in the history of mathematics, medicine, music and archeology. Links include: the Vatican Library, Archaeology, Humanism, Mathematics, Music, Medicine and Biology, Nature, from the Orient to Rome and from Rome to China.
Explore the Virtual Renaissance and meet law-abiding citizens of the time period while exploring the Globe Theater, the Sistine Chapel, the University of Padua, and the Hospital of the Innocents.
Take a trip to the Web Museum: The High Renaissance. The Web Museum provides links to information on Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, Titan, Tintoretto, and Michaelangelo.
Examine selected resources and links to the Reformation
in the Internet Medieval Sourcebook.
Access an Internet archive of texts and documents on The Protestant Reformation.
Explore the University of Florida's Western Civilization links to the Protestant Reformation.
Get background information on the Reformation in the 16th century from the Columbia Encyclopedia.
Explore The Protestant Reformation (early 1500s to mid 1600s).
All the details on the Protestant Reformation are in the History Guide: Lectures on Early Modern European History.
What were the
ESTATES? Learn how these class distinctions were one of the
primary causes of the French Revolution.
The French Revolution was not just a revolt again the regime of the Bourbon kings; it embodied an entire new way of viewing the world and human society. Access a variety of web sites (including The Estates), a timeline, biographies and multimedia at Revolution Thinkquest.
Liberty, Equality, Fraternity! Explore the French Revolution with 12 essays, 250 images, 350 text documents, 13 songs, 13 maps, a timeline, and a glossary at George Mason University. Search this site and read Emmanuel Sieyes's revolutionary pamphlet "What is the Third Estate?"
Examine primary source documents from the French Revolution at Fordham University.
How did the British newspapers cover the French Revolution? Read the London Times from 1792 and 1793!
Need a time table of what happened from 1787 to 1799? Examine the French Revolution, a Chronology.
Examine a wealth of information at UCSB's French Revolution Page. Contents include links to the guillotine headquarters, French Revolutionary pamphlets, and Napoleon sites.
Explore Napoleonic Primary Sources including the Code Civil, 3660 working documents of the Conseil d'Etat [1800-1814], 150 letters from Napoleon to Bigot de Preameneu [1800-1815], and 255 drawings from the collection Houdetot [1979-1835].
Examine French Revolutionary papers of the Marquis de Lafayette, Comte de Maurepas, and Benoist La Forte at Cornell University.
Examine The France of Victor Hugo at Mount Holyoke College for information on the people, events, and timeline of the French Revolution as well as the connections to Les Miserables.
Examine some Primary Source Documents at the Hanover Historical Text Projects; click on Modern for the French Revolution documents.
Examine some Primary Source Documents of Lafayette in a special collection at Cornell University.
Examine Primary Source Documents from the French Revolution! The Center for Research Libraries, the University of Chicago Library, and the ARTFL Project, (American and French Research on the Treasury of the French Language) have cooperated on a project to digitize pamphlets and periodicals from the French Revolution of 1848 held by CRL as a test of electronic distribution of archive material via internet.
Explore Online Resources on 19th Century France, including a few on the French Revolution.
Access Historical Maps of Paris from Professor Barry Bergdoll at Columbia University.
Use this link, INVENTIONS, for resources on inventions and inventors.
The Internet Modern History Sourcebook features information on the Industrial Revolution: agriculture, textiles, power, engineers, industrialization, the lives of workers, urban life and the new social classes and social reformism.
American Memory Collection at the
Library of Congress.
Access a wide variety of high quality links at the BBC's Industrial Revolution web page.
Access a wealth of links on Child Labor in the Encyclopaedia of British History.
Explore the History of the First Locomotives in America.
View the photographs of Lewis W. Hine on "Child Labor in America, 1908-1912, at The History Place.
Access an alphabetical list of topics on The Industrial Revolution from HistoryTeacher.Net.
Get an overview and topic focus on The Industrial Revolution At Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute. Topics include agricultural changes, coal mining, steam and many more.
Investigate The Industrial Revolution & The Railway System at the History Department of Mount Holyoke College.
Explore Life in Britain during the Industrial Revolution.
The Making of America at the University of Michigan allows you to search books and journals by keyword.
Explore the Panoramic Photographs from the Library of Congress.
Using primary source photographs in a report? Use the questions on this Photo Organizer from the Library of Congress's Learning Page.
Examine all facets of the Textile Industry in the Encyclopaedia of British History. Topics include: the domestic system, the textile system, inventors, textile inventions, textile entrepreneurs, life in a textile factory, factory workers, and debate on child labor.
WORLD WAR II
National Socialism and World War II (primary source documents)
Operatives, Spies, & Saboteurs, the unknown men and women of WWII's OSS
The Rise of Adolf Hitler at The History Place
The Rutger's Oral History Archives
Voices of World War II: Experiences from the Front and at Home
The World at War: a wealth of web resources at Chico High School Library
The World at War: a year by year military historical website
World War Two in Europe: Timeline with photos and text
WW2 People's War: an archive of World War Two memories
World War II Timeline: by date or by topic with additional links, picture, maps, documents and a bibliography
World War II Timeline: a ThinkQuest website
World War Two Timeline by Ad* Access at Duke University
For more links on World War II, click here for US History web page, Unit 6
Access an A-Z listing of biographies on Scots
Who Made a Difference.
Learn about Alfred the Great and other Kings and Queens of England at History of the Monarchy.
Browse through an alphabetical listing of all the movers and shakers in British history at BBC's Historical Figures. A great source for biographies.
Search U.C. Berkeley's Online and Medieval & Classical Library for famous people or events.
Access a site on Thomas Becket at Loyola University New Orleans. Contents include: texts concerning his murder, a pictorial tour of Canterbury Cathedral, and links to further medieval resources.
From the Medieval Sourcebook, The Murder of Thomas Becket by Edward Grim.
Here is an index for all European countries. Documents are from the past and present. Search Western European Primary Historical Documents.
Read the Magna Carta, the great charter of English liberty decreed by King John at Runnymede, June 15, A.D. 1215.
Return to the OHS Internet Resources Page.